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Traumatic Head and Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) also known as intracranial injury, is a public health problem in the United States. CDC reports that in 2010 ocurred 2.5 million TBIs. Traumatic brain injuries or head injuries occur when an external force traumatically injures the brain. Each year, TBIs contribute to a substantial number of deaths and cases of permanent disability. A traumatic brain injury is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Not all bumps to the head result in a traumatic brain injury.

Traumatic brain injuries may be classified based on severity, mechanism or other features (e.g., occurring in a specific location or over a widespread area of the head). Please note that traumatic head injury usually refers to TBI, but is a broader category because it can involve damage of the scalp and skull.

According to CDC there are more than 2.5 million cases of TBI per year since 2010. Traumatic brain injury is a major cause of death and disability worldwide, especially in children and young adults. Brain trauma can occur as a consequence of an impact upon the head, by a sudden acceleration/deceleration within the cranium or by a complex combination of both movement and sudden impact. Approximately half of all TBIs are from motor vehicle accidents.

The severity of a traumatic brain injury may range from mild to severe. TBI can cause physical, cognitive, social, emotional, and behavioral effects, and outcome can range from complete recovery to permanent disability or death.

A concussion is the mildest type of traumatic brain injury. Mild traumatic brain injury may cause temporary dysfunction of brain cells generating headache or neck pain, nausea, ringing in the ears, dizziness, and tiredness. A mild injury to the brain is still a serious injury that requires prompt attention and an accurate diagnosis.

Moderate Head Injury

Moderate injury may show other symptoms as:

  • A headache that gets worse or does not go away
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Sleeping more than usual
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Bad taste in the mouth or changes in the ability to smell
  • Sensitivity to light or sound

Severe Brain Injury

Severe brain injury can include any of the signs and symptoms of mild injury, as well as other symptoms that may appear within the first hours to days after a head injury:

  • Clear fluids draining from the nose or ears
  • Slurred speech
  • Numbness in the arms and legs
  • Loss of coordination
  • Profound confusion
  • Agitation, combativeness or other unusual behavior
  • Coma and other disorders of consciousness

Serious traumatic brain injuries need emergency treatment which varies depending on how severe the injury is.

When to see an specialist for head injury treatment

Always see a doctor if you (or your child) have received a blow to the head that concerns you or causes behavioral changes. Always seek emergency medical care if there are any signs or symptoms of traumatic brain injury following a recent blow or other traumatic injury to the head.

Nowadays there are diagnosis and treatments that decreased death rates and improved outcome. Some of the current imaging techniques used for diagnosis and treatment include CT scans and MRIs imaging. Specialists use a neurological exam and imaging tests to assess traumatic brain injury.

If you want to make an appointment, contact head and brain traumatic injury Ttreatment specialist Dr. Conidi at 1.877.648.4762 or 1.772.337.7272

Treasure Coast :: Palm Beach :: Broward
1.877.648.4762 - 1.772.337.7272